Eruca vesicaria

Distribution: Introduced sparingly in the United States, mostly in California on the west coast; in Klickitat County and possibly a few other places in Washington.

Habitat: Grain fields and waste ground.

Flowers: May - June

Origin: Introduced from Eurasia

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Soft-pubescent annual, the stems usually branched at the base, 2-10 dm. tall.


Basal leaves in a rosette, 5-15 cm. long, broadly oblanceolate, wavy-pinnatifid; cauline leaves similar, alternate, few, reduced.


Inflorescence of bractless racemes; pedicles stout, ascending; sepals 4, 7-10 mm. long; petals 4, clawed, 15-20 mm. long, white to yellowish, with reddish-purple veins; stamens 6; style nearly as long as the valves.


Siliques erect, lance-ovoid, 15-25 mm. long and 3-5 mm. thick, terete, 1- to 3- nerved, tapered to a broad, flat beak (style); seeds in 2 series.

Accepted Name:
Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.
Publication: Descr. Pl. 426. 1802.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
ssp. sativa – garden rocket
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Eruca vesicaria in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Eruca vesicaria checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Eruca vesicaria atlas page.

CalPhotos: Eruca vesicaria photos.

USDA Plants: Eruca vesicaria information.

10 photographs:
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