Page author: Don Knoke
Fagopyrum esculentum
garden buckwheat

Distribution: Introduced in much of the United States.

Habitat: Roadsides, fields, waste areas; frequently escapes cultivation.

Flowers: June - September

Origin: Introduced

Growth Duration: Annual

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Taprooted, annual herbs, the stems ascending or erect, 15-90 cm. tall, branched, green, or striped with pink or red.


Leaves alternate, petiolate, the petiole 1.5-6 cm. long; leaf blade palmately veined, hastate-triangular or cordate, 2.5-8 cm. long and 2-8 cm. wide, the margins hairy, the tip pointed; stipules sheathing, brownish, loose and papery.


Inflorescences of small terminal and axillary panicles; peduncles 0.5-4 cm. long, pubescent in lines; pedicles ascending, 2.5-4 mm. long; perianth creamy white to pale pink, the 5 tepals elliptic to obovate, 3-5 mm. long; stamens 8, the filaments distinct, glabrous; styles 3, stigmas purplish.


Achenes light brown, sometimes streaked with black, sharply 3-angled, 4-6 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench
Publication: Methodus. 290. 1794. 1794.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Fagopyrum sagittatum Gilib.
Fagopyrum vulgare T. Nees
Polygonum fagopyrum L.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Fagopyrum esculentum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Fagopyrum esculentum checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Fagopyrum esculentum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Fagopyrum esculentum photos.

USDA Plants: Fagopyrum esculentum information.

4 photographs:
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