Page author: David Giblin
Fragaria virginiana
blueleaf strawberry, mountain strawberry

Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington except in sagebrush areas; Alaska to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: Open woods to gravelly meadows in the plains and lower mountains.

Flowers: May-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Freely stoloniferous, herbaceous, scapose perennial, the stolons, petioles and peduncles greenish and pubescent, the scapes usually shorter than the leaves.


Leaves trifoliate, the petioles up to 15 cm. long; leaflets obovate to elliptic-obovate, thick, 2-7 cm. long, glabrous, glaucous and blue-green on the upper surface, silky on the lower surface, with coarse, rounded serrations most of the length; leaflets distinctly petiolate, the terminal leaflet with a 2-7 mm. stalk; terminal tooth of leaflets generally shorter than adjacent teeth.


Inflorescence open, 2-15 flowered; calyx saucer-shaped, silky, with 5 bracteoles 4-7 mm. long, alternate with, and narrower and shorter than the 5 lanceolate-elliptic calyx lobes; petals 5, white, 6-13 mm. long; stamens 20-25; pistils numerous.


Fruit an achene, up to + immersed in the hemispheric receptacle, which becomes enlarged up to 1 cm. broad, fleshy and red.

Accepted Name:
Fragaria virginiana Mill.
Publication: Gard. Dict., ed. 8. [textus s.n.] Fragaria no. 2. 1768.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
ssp. glauca – blueleaf strawberry, broadpetal strawberry, wild strawberry    Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington except in sagebrush areas; Alaska to California east to Alberta, west to Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Fragaria virginiana in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Fragaria virginiana checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Fragaria virginiana atlas page.

CalPhotos: Fragaria virginiana photos.

USDA Plants: Fragaria virginiana information.

60 photographs:
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