Page author: Don Knoke
Galanthus nivalis

Distribution: Garden escape in northeastern United States and adjacent Canada; occasional in western Washington.

Habitat: Abandoned gardens, roadsides, open forests.

Flowers: February - March

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Scapose, perennial herbs from brown, ovoid bulbs 1.5-2.5 cm. long and 1-1.5 cm. wide, the scapes 7-20 cm. tall.


Leaves 2, basal, opposite, with a sheathing blade; non-sheathing blades green, linear, 5-15 cm. long; sheathing blade white, tubular, membranous, enclosing leaf bases and scape.


Inflorescences 1-flowered, subtended by 2 bracts, united below and split on 1 side; flowers nodding, fragrant; tepals 6, distinct, unequal, the outer 3 white, oblong to broadly obovate, 1.5-2 cm. long; inner 3 tepals white with a green blotch on the apex, narrowly obovate or oblong, 7-12 mm. long; stamens 6, distinct; style 6-8 mm. long; ovary 3-celled, inferior.


Capsule green, globose, fleshy, 5-6 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Galanthus nivalis L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 288. 1753. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Galanthus nivalis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Galanthus nivalis checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Galanthus nivalis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Galanthus nivalis photos.

USDA Plants: Galanthus nivalis information.

8 photographs:
Group by