Page author: David Giblin
Gayophytum racemosum
black-foot groundsmoke, racemose groundsmoke

Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascade in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and Colorado.

Habitat: Open slopes, often where moist early, from the foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: June-August

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Leafy, glabrous to grayish-puberulent annual, the stems diffusely branched, 5-20 cm. tall.


Leaves mostly alternate, linear, 5-30 mm. long and 1-2 mm. broad.


Inflorescence of short, terminal spikes, the floral bracts nearly as large as the cauline leaves, concealing the flowers; calyx tube 0.5 mm. long, the 4 lobes 1 mm. long, reflexed; petals 1 mm. long, white to pinkish, short-clawed; stamens 8, unequal; ovary inferior, 2-celled.


Capsule 7-15 mm. long, linear, the seeds erect in the capsule.

Accepted Name:
Gayophytum racemosum Torr. & A. Gray
Publication: Fl. N. Amer. 1(3): 514. 1840.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Gayophytum caesium Torr. & A. Gray
Gayophytum helleri Rydb.
Gayophytum racemosum Torr. & A. Gray var. caesium (Torr. & A. Gray) Munz
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Gayophytum racemosum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Gayophytum racemosum checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Gayophytum racemosum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Gayophytum racemosum photos.

USDA Plants: Gayophytum racemosum information.

26 photographs:
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