Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Geranium bicknellii
northern crane's-bill

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America except along the southern U.S. boundary and lower Great Plains.

Habitat: Woodlands or open fields.

Flowers: May-August

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Annual, Biennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Somewhat glandular annual with erect to decumbent stems 1-6 dm. long, with spreading to retrorse stiff hairs.


Leaves mostly basal, long petioled, the blades cordate, 2-7 cm. broad, palmately deeply divided into 5 wedge-shaped segments, these variously cleft or toothed up to half their length.


Flowers mostly 2 per peduncle, the pedicles slender, 1.5-3 times the length of the calyx; sepals 4-8 mm. long with a bristle tip 1-2 mm. long, about equal to the pinkish, slightly-notched petals; fertile stamens 10, the filaments not fused; stylar column 1.5-2.5 cm long, stigmas 1mm; pistil 1, carpel 3-5, the receptacle much elongate.


Mericarps 5, 3-3.5 mm, not wrinkled, sparsely stiff-hairy; carpels often separating explosively; seeds faintly pitted.

Accepted Name:
Geranium bicknellii Britton
Publication: Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24(2): 92-93 1897.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Geranium nemorale Suksd.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Geranium bicknellii in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Geranium bicknellii checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Geranium bicknellii atlas page.

CalPhotos: Geranium bicknellii photos.

USDA Plants: Geranium bicknellii information.

2 photographs:
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