Geranium purpureum
purple crane's-bill, purple geranium

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Washington to California.

Habitat: Roadsides, fields, lawns, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low elevation.

Flowers: May-June

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Growth Duration: Annual

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Annual; stems decumbent to ascending, 1-3.5 dm, soft-hairy.


Leaves simple, 3-9 cm broad, palmately divided nearly to base into 5 segments, segments pinnately lobed to cleft, hairy.


Inflorescence 1-2 flowered; flowers radial, on pedicels 5-10 mm; sepals 5, 4-7 mm long with bristle-tip, covered with soft hairs; petals 5, 5-10 mm, rounded, light to bright pinkish purple to purple; fertile stamens 10; stylar column generally 1.5-2 cm long, stigmas 1 mm.


Mericarps 5, 2-3 mm, covered with somewhat net-like ribs, hairy; seeds smooth.

Accepted Name:
Geranium purpureum Vill.
Publication: Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 1: 272. 1786.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Geranium purpureum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Geranium purpureum checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Geranium purpureum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Geranium purpureum photos.

USDA Plants: Geranium purpureum information.

24 photographs:
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