Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Glechoma hederacea
field balm, creeping Charlie, gill over the ground, groundivy

Distribution: Occurring in locations throughout Washington; introduced thoughout nearly all of North America.

Habitat: Moist woods and thickets, disturbed areas.

Flowers: April-June

Origin: Introduced from Eurasia

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Fibrous-rooted perennial herb with slender stolons, the stem lax, 1-4 dm. tall, scabrous to nearly glabrous, with long, soft hairs at the nodes.


Leaves opposite, cauline, all alike, petiolate, the blades glabrous or stiff-hairy, rotund-cordate to cordate-reniform, with rounded teeth, 1-3 cm. long.


Flowers in few-flowered verticels in the leaf axils, with short pedicels; calyx oblique at the mouth, narrow, 5-6 mm. long, 5-toothed, the upper teeth longer; corolla blue-violet with purple spots, 13-23 mm. long, two-lipped, the upper lip 2-lobed, the lower lip spreading with the central lobe much larger than the lateral lobes; stamens 4, the upper pair longer, ascending under the upper lip; style slender, 2-parted; ovary superior, 2-celled.


Fruit of 4 nutlets.

Accepted Name:
Glechoma hederacea L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 2: 578. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Glecoma hederacea L., orthographic variant [HC]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Glechoma hederacea in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Glechoma hederacea checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Glechoma hederacea atlas page.

CalPhotos: Glechoma hederacea photos.

USDA Plants: Glechoma hederacea information.

22 photographs:
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