Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist, open hillsides seasonally wet forest openings, and riparian corridors from montane to subalpine.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Robust perennial from a taproot and branching base, the several stems 3-10 dm. tall, spreading stiff-hairy below and appressed- puberulent above, 3-8 mm. thick toward the base.
Basal leaves petiolate, oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic, up to 35 cm. long and 4 cm. wide, stiff-hairy; cauline leaves many, reduced upward, 5-20 cm. long and 7-20 mm. wide, the upper ones oblong and sessile.
Inflorescence of bracteate false-racemes; calyx cleft to the base; corolla blue with a yellow eye, 5-lobed, the tube slender, the limb spreading abruptly, 7-11 mm. wide; nearly glabrous appendages opposite the corolla lobes at the top of the tube; stamens not exerted; style shorter than the nutlets.
Nutlets 4, attached to the base of the style, with marginal prickles distinct to the base; intramarginal prickles few to several, small.