Page author: David Giblin
Hedera helix
common ivy, English ivy

Distribution: Introduced as an ornamental, but freely disseminated by birds and widely established in western Washington and Oregon.

Habitat: Wooded areas at low elevations.

Flowers: May - June

Origin: Introduced

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Evergreen, shrubby vine, climbing to as much as 30 m., stellate-puberulent throughout.


Leaves alternate, leathery, long-petiolate, the blades broadly ovate to triangular, acuminate, entire to deeply 3- to 5-lobed, 4-10 cm. long.


Inflorescence of several racemose, globose umbels; pedicels 5-15 mm. long; flowers perfect, 5-7 mm. long; sepals minute; petals 5, greenish, somewhat fleshy; stamens 5; ovary inferior, 5-celled, but style single.


Berry deep bluish-black, 6-9 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Hedera helix L.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Hedera helix L. ssp. helix [Stace 1997]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Hedera helix in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Hedera helix checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Hedera helix atlas page.

CalPhotos: Hedera helix photos.

USDA Plants: Hedera helix information.

24 photographs:
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