Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, Great Lakes, and eastern North America; also in Eurasia and northern Africa.
Habitat: Lowlands to rocky alpine areas.
Growth Duration: Perennial
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Prostrate, dioecious shrub or small tree 1-3 m. tall.
The bark very thin, reddish-brown, shredding and scaly.
Leaves mostly in 3u00e2u20acu2122s, needle-like to narrowly lanceolate, stiff and pungent, 7-12 mm. long, jointed at the base of the free portion, concave and whitish on the lower surface, dark green above.
Staminate cones ovoid, 3-5 mm. long, with 12-16 stamens; ovulate cones maturing the second season, berry-like, bluish-black, 6-9 mm. long, 1- to 3-seeded.