Page author: David Giblin
Lamium maculatum
spotted hen-nettle, spotted henbit

Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska, Oregon, Idaho; eastern North America.

Habitat: Disturbed ground.

Flowers: April - August

Origin: Introduced from Eurasia

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Fibrous-rooted perennial herbs from a creeping base, decumbent below and rooting, 1.5-7 dm. tall, somewhat stiff-hairy.


Leaves opposite, petiolate, the blade cordate-ovate or triangular-ovate, 1.5-6 cm. long and 1-5 cm. wide, with a broad, white stripe along the mid-vein, the margins with rounded teeth.


Inflorescence of several verticels, more or less crowded, the lower subtended by full-sized leaves, these reduced upward; calyx 5-10 mm. long, with 5 firm, unequal, slender lobes nearly as long as the tube; corolla pinkish-purple, rarely white, two-lipped, 2-2.5 cm. long, curved, hairy outside with a ring of hairs inside, the upper lip hood-like, 7-12 mm. long, rounded, enclosing the 4 stamens; the lower lip spreading, the large, broad center lobe constricted at the base and notched; style 2-parted; ovary superior, 2-celled.


Fruit of 4, 3-sided nutlets.

Accepted Name:
Lamium maculatum L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 2: 809. 1763.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Lamium maculatum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Lamium maculatum checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Lamium maculatum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Lamium maculatum photos.

USDA Plants: Lamium maculatum information.

11 photographs:
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