Moneses uniflora

Distribution: Distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and in eastern North America.

Habitat: Moist woods with high-humas soils, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Perennial, rhizomatous herbs; stems glabrous or papillose, erect, 3-15 cm.


Leaves leathery and glabrous, cauline but occasionally appear basal, alternate or appearing whorled, petiolate, elliptic to orbiculate, 1-2.5 cm long, with rounded teeth on margins.


Flowers solitary, radially symmetric, 1.5-2.5 cm broad; calyx fused at base, sepals 5; corolla white, petals 5, 1.5-2.5 cm broad; stamens 10, filaments broad at base and becoming slender, anthers without awns, dehiscing at 2 pores; pistil with 5 carpels, style straight, stigma with 5 lobes and no subtending hairs.


Fruits erect capsules, splitting lengthwise.

Accepted Name:
Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray
Publication: Manual. 273. 1848. 1848.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Moneses reticulata Nutt.
Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray ssp. reticulata (Nutt.) Calder & Roy L. Taylor
Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray var. reticulata (Nutt.) S.F. Blake
Pyrola uniflora L. [HC]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Moneses uniflora in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Moneses uniflora checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Moneses uniflora atlas page.

CalPhotos: Moneses uniflora photos.

USDA Plants: Moneses uniflora information.

43 photographs:
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