Page authors: Ben Legler, David Giblin
Monotropa hypopitys
many-flower Indian-pipe

Distribution: On both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: In humus of coniferous forests at low to mid-elevations.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Leafless myco-heterotrophic plants with unbranched yellow or pink tinged stems.


Reduced to non-green scales borne alternately along stem.


Yellow or pinkish, narrow, 1-2 cm long, with 4 distinct petals; in short often drooping racemes.


Capsules 5-8 mm long with axile placentation.

Identification Notes:

Flowers 2-several with distinct petals, anthers about 1 mm long, placentation axile rather than parietal, Compare to Pleuricospora and Pityopus.

Accepted Name:
Monotropa hypopitys L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 387. 1753. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Hipopitys fimbriata (A. Gray) Howell
Hipopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf.
Hipopitys monotropa Crantz
Hypopitys americana (DC.) Small
Hypopitys monotropa Crantz [HC]
Monotropa hypopitys L. ssp. lanuginosa (Michx.) H. Hara
Monotropa latisquama (Rydb.) Hultén
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Monotropa hypopitys in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Monotropa hypopitys checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Monotropa hypopitys atlas page.

CalPhotos: Monotropa hypopitys photos.

USDA Plants: Monotropa hypopitys information.

65 photographs:
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