Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest, in the Columbia River Gorge, and in the northeastern counties in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana, and in all other areas of North America except the southern Rocky Mountain states.
Habitat: In forest understory and on forest edge, often in deep soil, at low to moderate elevations.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Myco-heterotrophic plants with a cluster of simple flowering stems, waxy-white, blackening with age, 5-25 cm. tall.
Leaves scale-like, non-green, alternate.
Flower single, terminal, drooping, narrowly bell-shaped, 1.5-2 cm. long; calyx obsolete, but upper stem bracts calyx-like; petals 5, distinct, white, saccate at the base and broadened above, hairy on the inner surface; stamens 10, included, anthers without awns, opening by 2 curving slits; ovary superior.
Capsule sub-globose, about 6 mm. long.