Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Phytolacca americana
pigeonberry, pokeberry, pokeweed

Distribution: A few scattered locations across Washington.

Habitat: Roadsides, pastures, clearings, disturbed areas.

Flowers: June-August

Origin: Introduced

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Perennial herbs, the stems to 3 m. tall.


Leaves alternate, petiolate, the petiole 1-6 cm. long; leaf blades lanceolate to ovate, up to 35 cm. long and 18 cm. wide, the bases rounded to cordate, the tip acuminate.


Flowers in open racemes 6-30 cm. long, the lowest pedicles sometimes with more than one flower; pedicles 3-13 mm. long; sepals 5, white to greenish-white or pinkish or purplish, ovate, 2.5-3.3 mm. long; petals none; stamens 10, in a whorl; ovary superior.


Berries black, 6-11 mm. in diameter.

Accepted Name:
Phytolacca americana L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 441. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
var. americana – pigeonberry, pokeberry, pokeweed
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Phytolacca americana in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Phytolacca americana checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Phytolacca americana atlas page.

CalPhotos: Phytolacca americana photos.

USDA Plants: Phytolacca americana information.

17 photographs:
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