Pityopus californicus
California pine-foot

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; disjunct in west-central Washington, otherwise Lane County, Oregon to northern California.

Habitat: Old-growth coniferous forest.

Flowers: June-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Threatened in Washington (WANHP)


Non-green saprophytic perennial; often cream but may be pinkish or whitish, turning black with age; stems absent.


Leaves absent.


Inflorescence 1-4 cm raceme, erect from time of emergence; flowers 12-18 mm, radially symmetric; sepals usually 4, distinct, 1-2 cm long and 0.5 cm broad; petals usually 4, distinct, oblong, 1-1.5 cm long and 0.4-0.7 cm broad, usually hairy both surfaces, chocolate-colored blotches, base somewhat sac shaped, rounded apex; stamens 8, 0.5-1 cm with hairy filaments and ovoid anthers 1-1.5 mm in diameter; glabrous ovary 3-5 mm long and 2.5-5 mm broad; pistil with 4-5 carpels, style 3-5 mm long and 2-3 mm broad, stigma 5 mm or larger with depressed apex.


Capsules 5-8 mm, fleshy.

Accepted Name:
Pityopus californicus (Eastw.) H.F. Copel.
Publication: MadroƱo. 3: 155. 1935.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Monotropa californica Eastw.
Pityopus californica (Eastw.) H.F. Copel., orthographic variant [HC]
Pityopus oreganus Small
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Pityopus californicus in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Pityopus californicus checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Pityopus californicus atlas page.

CalPhotos: Pityopus californicus photos.

USDA Plants: Pityopus californicus information.

4 photographs:
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