Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Pyrola chlorantha
green-flower wintergreen

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and across northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: Chiefly in coniferous forests at moderate to mid-elevations, usually where moist.

Flowers: June-August

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Perennial, glabrous herbs from slender rhizomes, the flowering stems usually single, 1-2 dm. tall, usually with 1-several leaves at the base; sterile stems leafy.


Leaves somewhat leathery, long-petiolate, pale green above and deeper green beneath, the blade elliptic to oblong-obovate, 1-2.5 cm. long, with small, rounded teeth.


Racemes 2- to 8-flowered, pedicles 3-8 mm. long, with linear-lanceolate bracts nearly as long; flowers 9-13 mm. broad, pale yellowish; calyx lobes 5, rounded; petals 5, 5-6 mm. long; stamens 10; anthers with straight tubes and terminal pores; style curved, 3-6 mm. long; ovary superior.


Capsule 5-lobed.

Accepted Name:
Pyrola chlorantha Sw.
Publication: Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Nya Handl. 31: 190, plate 5. 1810. 1810.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Pyrola oxypetala Aust. ex A. Gray
Pyrola virens Schweigg.
Pyrola virens Schweigg. var. convoluta (W.P.C. Barton) Fernald
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Pyrola chlorantha in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Pyrola chlorantha checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Pyrola chlorantha atlas page.

CalPhotos: Pyrola chlorantha photos.

USDA Plants: Pyrola chlorantha information.

27 photographs:
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