Pyrola dentata
toothleaf pyrola

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Wyoming.

Habitat: Montane coniferous forest understory.

Flowers: June-August

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

General :

Herbaceous perennial or subshrub, evergreen, rhizomed; chlorophyllous, autotrophic; stems erect, glabrous, often red.


Leaves generally present, 3-13 cm long, glaucous, bluish; blade 2-9 cm, round, ovate, elliptic, or oblanceolate, base generally tapered to petiole, entire to serrate; petiole +- 1/4--1/2 blade. Inflorescence: 8--27 cm including scape; flowers 1--20; flower bract <=1/2 pedicel.


Inflorescence a raceme, somewhat erect, elongate; scape smooth, glabrous, bracts generally 1 to numerous, deltate or lanceolate; 1 floral bract per flower; flower bilateral, oftentimes open; sepals 1.1--2.3 mm, deltate; petals 4.1--8 mm; anthers 2.6--4 mm.


Capsule, pendent; valves opening base to tip, margins fibrous; seeds numerous.

Accepted Name:
Pyrola dentata Sm.
Publication: Cycl. [A. Rees], (London ed.) 29: Pyrola #6. 1814.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Pyrola dentata Sm. var. integra A. Gray
Pyrola picta Sm. ssp. dentata (Sm.) Piper
Pyrola picta Sm. ssp. integra (A. Gray) Piper
Pyrola picta Sm. var. dentata (Sm.) Dorn
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Pyrola dentata in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Pyrola dentata checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Pyrola dentata atlas page.

CalPhotos: Pyrola dentata photos.

USDA Plants: Pyrola dentata information.

7 photographs:
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