Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Montane coniferous forest understory.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Herbaceous perennial or subshrub, evergreen, rhizomed; chlorophyllous, autotrophic; stems erect, glabrous, often red.
Leaves generally present, 3-13 cm long, glaucous, bluish; blade 2-9 cm, round, ovate, elliptic, or oblanceolate, base generally tapered to petiole, entire to serrate; petiole +- 1/4--1/2 blade. Inflorescence: 8--27 cm including scape; flowers 1--20; flower bract <=1/2 pedicel.
Inflorescence a raceme, somewhat erect, elongate; scape smooth, glabrous, bracts generally 1 to numerous, deltate or lanceolate; 1 floral bract per flower; flower bilateral, oftentimes open; sepals 1.1--2.3 mm, deltate; petals 4.1--8 mm; anthers 2.6--4 mm.
Capsule, pendent; valves opening base to tip, margins fibrous; seeds numerous.