Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Rosa canina
dog rose

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Idaho, Utah, and Arizona; also from Great Plains east to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: Roadsides, thickets, forest edge, and other distrubed areas..

Flowers: May-June

Origin: Introduced

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Coarse shrub 1-3 m. tall, with well-developed, flattened, curved or hooked prickles.


Leaves alternate, deciduous, odd-pinnate with 5-7 leaflets; leaflets elliptic to obovate, pointed, 1.5-4. cm. long and 1-2.5 cm. wide, sharply serrate, usually glandless and glabrous on both sides.


Flowers solitary or few, terminal on the branches; sepals 5, 1-2 cm. long, reflexed and early-deciduous, often with long, slender lateral lobes; petals 2-2.5 cm. long, pink or white; stamens numerous, pistils many.


Hips 1.5-2 cm. long, globose to ellipsoid or ovoid, bright red, glabrous.

Accepted Name:
Rosa canina L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 491. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Rosa canina L. var. dumetorum (Thuill.) Poir.
Rosa corymbifera Borkh.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Rosa canina in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Rosa canina checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Rosa canina atlas page.

CalPhotos: Rosa canina photos.

USDA Plants: Rosa canina information.

29 photographs:
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