Scrophularia californica
California figwort, Oregon figwort

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington, chiefly in coastal counties; coastal southwestern British Columbia to California.

Habitat: Forest margins, prairies, and meadows at low elevations.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Herbaceous perennial from a thickened root, the square stems clustered, stout, 5-15 dm. tall; herbage usually covered with fine, spreading hairs, with stalked glands in the inflorescence.


Leaves opposite, all cauline, with petioles 3-5 cm. long, gradually reduced upward, the blades triangular-ovate with pointed tips and truncate bases, 5-15 cm. long and 2-7 cm. wide, sharply toothed.


Flowers numerous in a terminal, open, elongate, nearly naked inflorescence 1-5 dm. long and 3-10 cm. wide, its branches opposite; calyx 5-cleft nearly to the base, the lobes 2-3 mm. long, thin, broad and pointed; corolla 9-14 mm. long, maroon, firm, bilabiate, the upper lip 2-lobed, flat, projecting forward, the lower lip shorter, 3-lobed, the central lobe deflexed; fertile stamens 4, the filaments expanded upward; the fifth, sterile stamen purple to brown, spatulate to obovate, 0.5-1 mm. wide and slightly longer than wide.


Capsule ovoid, 6-8 mm. long

Accepted Name:
Scrophularia californica Cham. & Schltdl.
Publication: Linnaea 2: 585. 1827.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Scrophularia californica Cham. & Schltdl. var. oregana (Pennell) B. Boivin [HC]
Scrophularia oregana Pennell
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Scrophularia californica in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Scrophularia californica checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Scrophularia californica atlas page.

CalPhotos: Scrophularia californica photos.

USDA Plants: Scrophularia californica information.

26 photographs:
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