Distribution: Introduced weed now well established in California; occasional at scattered locations in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Waste places.
Flowers: May - July
Origin: Introduced from the Mediterranean region
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Glabrous, herbaceous winter annual or biennial, spiny throughout, the stems 6-15 dm. tall.
Leaves pinnately lobed, up to 6 dm. long and 3 dm. wide, petiolate below, becoming sessile and clasping above, spiny margined, marked with white along the main veins.
Heads large, globose, terminating the branches; involucre bracts imbricate in several series, broad, firm, mostly spiny-margined and strongly spine-tipped, the coarse, spreading tips widened at the base; flowers all tubular and perfect; corollas purple, with slender tube and 5 long, narrow lobes; filaments glabrous, united at the base; receptacle flat, densely bristly; pappus of numerous, slender, unequal bristles.
Achenes flattened, glabrous, about 6 mm. long.