Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Toxicoscordion venenosum var. venenosum
coastal death-camas, common death-camas

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to Baja California, east to Idaho, Utah, and Nevada.

Habitat: Coastal bluffs and prairies, moister areas of shrub-steppe, and mountain meadows.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Glabrous perennial herbs from an onion-like bulb, the simple stem 2-5 dm. tall.


Leaves mostly basal, linear, keeled, 1-3 dm. long and 3-6 mm. broad; cauline leaves strongly reduced upward.


Inflorescence a raceme (but sometimes the raceme branched at the base) up to 1.5 dm. long, the flowers all perfect; perianth white to cream-colored, bell-shaped; tepals 6, unequal, the outer 4.5-5 mm. long, short-clawed, the inner about 0.5 mm. longer with a narrower, slightly longer claw; the gland at the base of each tepal yellowish-green, broader than long; stamens 6, about equal to the tepals; styles 3, distinct, 2-3 mm. long.


Capsule 8-15 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Toxicoscordion venenosum (S. Watson) Rydb. var. venenosum

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Toxicoscordion salinum (A. Nelson) R.R. Gates
Zigadenus diegoensis Davidson
Zigadenus salinus A. Nelson
Zigadenus venenosus S. Watson var. ambiguus M.E. Jones
Zigadenus venenosus S. Watson var. venenosus [FNA26, HC]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Toxicoscordion venenosum var. venenosum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Toxicoscordion venenosum var. venenosum checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Toxicoscordion venenosum var. venenosum atlas page.

CalPhotos: Toxicoscordion venenosum var. venenosum photos.

USDA Plants: Toxicoscordion venenosum var. venenosum information.

16 photographs:
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