Page author: Don Knoke
Vaccinium myrtillus
dwarf blueberry, low blueberry

Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades, British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana, and south in the Rockies to Arizona and New Mexico

Habitat: Forest openings, mid-elevations in the mountains

Flowers: May - August

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Deciduous, many-branched shrub 2-3 dm. tall, the branches strongly angled, greenish, usually puberulent.


Leaves ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 1-3 cm. long, light green, strongly serrulate, strongly veiny on the lower surface.


Flowers single in the axils on pedicels 2-3 mm. long; calyx shallowly 5-lobed; corolla entire, pinkish, broadly urn-shaped; anthers with dorsal awns and apical, pore-bearing tubes; ovary inferior.


Fruit a berry, dark red to bluish, 5-8 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Vaccinium myrtillus L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 349. 1753. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Vaccinium myrtillus L. ssp. oreophilum (Rydb.) Á. Löve, D. Löve & B.M. Kapoor
Vaccinium myrtillus L. var. oreophilum (Rydb.) Dorn [KZ99]
Vaccinium oreophilum Rydb.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Vaccinium myrtillus in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Vaccinium myrtillus checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Vaccinium myrtillus atlas page.

CalPhotos: Vaccinium myrtillus photos.

USDA Plants: Vaccinium myrtillus information.

24 photographs:
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