Viola
pansy, violet
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:

[none provided]


Accepted Name:
Viola

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Infraspecies:
– early blue violet, wild dog violet    Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
– European field pansy    Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; introduced throughout the United States and Canada.
– Canadian violet, rugose violet    Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains, further east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
var. rugulosa – rugose violet   Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to southeastern WA and northeastern Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, and Great Lakes region.
– Flett's violet, Olympic violet    Endemic to the northern Olympic Mountains, Washington.
– pioneer violet, stream violet    Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta and Montana.
– Howell's violet    West of the Cascade crest in Washington; southern British Columbia south to northern California.
– lance-leaved violet
– Alaska violet, Aleutian violet    Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.
– small white violet    British Columbia to Alberta, south in the mountains to California.
– LeConte violet, northern bog violet    Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Newfoundland, south on the east side of the Cascades to California, east to Arizona.
– Nuttall's violet    Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Britsh Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
var. bakeri – Baker's violet    Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington from Mt. Adams south; south-central Washington to California and Nevada.
var. praemorsa – canary violet, upland yellow violet    Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, Wyoming and Utah.
var. vallicola – valley violet, yellow sagebrush violet    Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Great Plains.
– sweet blue violet    In scattered locations throughout Washington; introduced and escaping at various location in the United States.
– darkwoods violet, evergreen yellow violet, round-leaved violet    Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Montana and Wyoming.
– marsh violet    British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and near the Canadian border to Maine and Labrador
– rain violet    Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho and Montana; Eurasia.
   Chiefly east of the Cascades, Okanogan County, Washington, to California, east to Montana, Wyoming and Arizona
ssp. venosa – goosfoot violet, purplish violet
– kidney-leaf white violet    Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the north-central to northeastern counties in Washington; Alaska to northern Washington, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America
– dog violet, wood violet
– great spurred violet, Selkirk`s violet    Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the northeast counties in Washington; Alaska to northesast Washington, east across the northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
– evergreen violet, redwood violet    Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.
– fan violet, shelton's violet    Chiefly east of the Cascades, from near Cle Elum, Kittitas County, Washington, south to Baja California, east to Idaho
– northern blue violet, northern woodland violet    Occurring east of the Cascades crest in northeastern Washington; Yukon Territory to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America.
– Johnny jump-up    Garden escape in scattered locations throughout Washington; similarly escaped throughout most of North America.
– desert pansy, 3-nerved violet, sagebrush violet    Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; north-central Washington to southeastern Oregon.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Viola atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola photos.

USDA Plants: Viola information.

536 photographs:
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