Page author: David Giblin
Viola arvensis
European field pansy

Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; introduced throughout the United States and Canada.

Habitat: Frequently escapes from cultivation.

Flowers: March-June

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Puberulent, freely-branched annual, 1-3 dm. tall.


Leaf blades ovate to lanceolate, coarsely round-toothed, 1-3 cm. long, about equaling the petioles; stipules very large, laciniate into 5-9 segments, usually with one leaf-like segment nearly as large as the main blade.


Flowers long-pedunculate, solitary in the leaf axils, whitish or light yellow with a tinge of blue, the spur short; sepals lanceolate, about as long as the petals; style head copiously short-hairy.


Fruit a 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parieta

Accepted Name:
Viola arvensis Murray
Publication: Prodr. Stirp. Gott. 73. 1770.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Viola tricolor L. var. arvensis (Murray) DC.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola arvensis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola arvensis checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Viola arvensis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola arvensis photos.

USDA Plants: Viola arvensis information.

15 photographs:
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