Page authors: David Giblin, Don Knoke
Viola nuttallii var. vallicola
valley violet, yellow sagebrush violet

Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Great Plains.

Habitat: Sagebrush and juniper flats, grasslands, and open coniferous forest.

Flowers: April-July

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Perennial from short, erect rhizomes, the stems up to 15 cm. long.


Leaf blades glabrous to sparsely hairy, entire, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, truncate or sub-cordate at the base, up to 5 cm. long; petiole 3-10 cm. long; stipules attached to the petiole, the free portion few-toothed.


Flowers with peduncles shorter than the leaves; flowers 8-15 mm. long, yellow, the upper petals brownish-backed, the lower 3 penciled with brownish-purple, the lateral pair bearded; style head bearded, rounded.


Fruit a glabrous, 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal.

Accepted Name:
Viola nuttallii Pursh var. vallicola (A. Nelson) H. St. John
Publication: Fl. S.-e. Washington (St. John) 262. 1937.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Viola nuttallii Pursh ssp. vallicola (A. Nelson) Roy L. Taylor & MacBryde
Viola nuttallii Pursh var. major Hook. [HC]
Viola vallicola A. Nelson var. major (Hook.) Fabijan [IFBC]
Viola vallicola A. Nelson var. vallicola [KZ99]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola nuttallii var. vallicola in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola nuttallii var. vallicola checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Viola nuttallii var. vallicola atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola nuttallii var. vallicola photos.

USDA Plants: Viola nuttallii var. vallicola information.

30 photographs:
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