Page author: David Giblin
Viola palustris
marsh violet

Distribution: British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and near the Canadian border to Maine and Labrador

Habitat: Moist meadows and streambanks, low to mid-elevations in the mountains

Flowers: May - July

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Glabrous perennial from slender, widespread rhizomes, with creeping stolons, the petioles and peduncles rising from the rhizomes.


Leaf blades cordate to reniform, 2.5-3.5 cm. broad, with coarse, rounded teeth; petioles up to 15 cm. long; stipules chaffy, lanceolate, entire.


Flowers 10-13 mm. long, the peduncle about the same length as the leaves; petals white to lilac, the lower 3 purple-penciled, the lateral pair sparsely bearded; style head glabrous, lobed.


Fruit a 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal, seeds dark brown.

Accepted Name:
Viola palustris L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 2: 934. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Viola palustris L. var. brevipes (M.S. Baker) R.J. Davis [KZ99]
Viola palustris L. var. palustris [KZ99]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola palustris in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola palustris checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Viola palustris atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola palustris photos.

USDA Plants: Viola palustris information.

31 photographs:
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