Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Viola sempervirens
evergreen violet, redwood violet

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.

Habitat: Moist woods from low to middle elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: March-June

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Puberulent perennial from scaly rhizomes, with slender, elongate stolons, the aerial stems up two 5 cm. long.


Leaves blades cordate-lanceolate to cordate-ovate, 1-3 cm. broad, thick and leathery, persisting through the winter; petioles 2-10 cm. long; herbage spotted with tiny purplish blotches; stipules brownish, lanceolate, membranous, mostly entire.


Flowers 5-15 mm. long, the spur short, saccate; peduncles exceeding the leaves; petals lemon-yellow to gold, the lower 3 purplish-penciled, the lateral pair yellow-bearded; style head short-bearded.


Fruit a purplish-mottled, 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal, seeds brown.

Accepted Name:
Viola sempervirens Greene
Publication: Pittonia 4(20A): 8. 1899.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola sempervirens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola sempervirens checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Viola sempervirens atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola sempervirens photos.

USDA Plants: Viola sempervirens information.

23 photographs:
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