Checklist » Brassicaceae » Draba aurea
Last updated 3/5/2021 by Hattie Palmer.
Draba aurea Vahl ex Hornem.[FNA7, HC, HC2]
golden draba whitlow-grass

Publication: Fors. Oecon. Plantel. ed. 2. 599. 1806.

Origin: Native

selected vouchers: WTU

Notes: FNA7: "Draba aurea is extremely variable in plant size, number of cauline leaves, number of bracteate flowers, style length, and fruit size, shape, orientation, twisting, and indumentum. Much of the variation in the number of bracts, style length, fruit twisting, and growth habit occurs in Greenland, where the type specimen was collected and where the species is found near sea level.

The highly deviant chromosome counts (e.g., 2n = 40 + 1, 64, 82) listed by R. C. Rollins (1993) and S. I. Warwick and I. A. Al-Shehbaz (2006) are mostly unvouchered and have to be disregarded; counts of 2n = ca. 80 have been re-assigned to Draba glabella. Published (G. A. Mulligan 2002) and unpublished counts made by Mulligan and M. D. Windham from Alaska, British Columbia, Colorado, Quebec, Utah, and Yukon indicate that the most common chromosome number of D. aurea is 2n = 74 (or 72). This suggests that the species is an allopolyploid (hexaploid or higher), incorporating genomes from both euploid and aneuploid lineages (M. A. Beilstein and Windham 2003). Detailed cytological and molecular studies are much needed to fully understand this widely distributed and highly variable species."

References: (none)

Synonyms & Misapplied Names:
Draba aurea Vahl ex Hornem. var. aurea[VPPNW2]
Draba aurea Vahl ex Hornem. var. aureiformis (Rydb.) O.E. Schulz
Draba aurea Vahl ex Hornem. var. leiocarpa (Payson & H. St. John) C.L. Hitchc.[VPPNW2]