Literature References

The following literature references are cited in the Washington Flora Checklist. These may include floras, journal articles, monographs, theses, web sites, and other scholarly resources.

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Literature beginning with B:
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Backman, T. W. H. 1991. Genotypic and phenotypic variability of Zostera marina on the west coast of North America. Canad. J. Bot. 69: 1361–1371.
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Bailey, J. P. 1994. The reproductive biology and fertility of Fallopia japonica (Japanese Knotweed) and its hybrids in the British Isles, pp. 141-158. In: Waal, C. de, L. E. Child, P. M. Wade, and J. H. Brock, eds., Ecology and management of invasive riparian plants. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.
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Bailey, J. P. and A. P. Conolly. 2000. Prize-winners to pariahs - a history of Japanese knotweed s.l. (Polygonaceae) in the British Isles. Watsonia 23: 93-110.
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Bailey, J.P. and C. A. Stace. 1992. Chromosome number, morphology, pairing, and DNA values of species and hybrids in the genus Fallopia (Polygonaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 180: 29-52.
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Bain, J.F. 1988. Taxonomy of Senecio streptanthifolius Greene. Rhodora 90: 277-312.
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Baker 1961. Rhodora 63: 229-235.
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Baranov, A. I. 1964. On the perianth and seed characters of Chenopodium hybridum and C. gigantospermum. Rhodora 66: 168-171.
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Barbour, M. G. and J. E. Rodman. 1970. Saga of the West Coast sea-rockets: Cakile edentula ssp. californica and C. maritima. Rhodora 72: 370-386.
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Barbour, M.G., and J. E. Rodman. 1970. Saga of the west coast sea rockets: Cakile edentula ssp. californica and C. maritima. Rhodora 72: 370-386.
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Bari, E. A. 1973. Cytological studies in the genus Silene
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Barkley, T. M. 1999. The segregates of Senecio, s.l., and Cacalia, s.l., in the Flora of North America north of Mexico. Sida 18: 661-672.
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Barkworth, M. E., K. M. Capels, S. Long, and M. B. Piep, eds. 2003. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 25 Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York. 783 p.
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Barkworth, M.E. and R.J. Atkins. 1984. Leymus Hochst. (Gramineae: Triticeae) in North America: Taxonomy and distribution. Amer. J. Bot. 71:609–625
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Barnabas, A. D. 1994. Anatomical, histochemical and ultrastructural features of the seagrass Phyllospadix scouleri Hook. Aquatic Bot. 49: 167–182.
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Bassett, I. J. and C. W. Crompton. 1978. The genus Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae) in Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 56: 581-591.
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Bassett, I. J. and C. W. Crompton. 1982. The genus Chenopodium in Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 586-610.
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Bassett, I. J., C. W. Crompton, J. McNeill, and P. M. Taschereau. 1983. The Genus Atriplex (Chenopodiaceae) in Canada. Agriculture Canada Monogr. 31: 1-72.
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Bassett, J., I. J. Bassett, and C.W. Crompton. 1979. Atriplex suckleyi (Torrey) Rydb., the correct name for A. dioica (Nutt.) Macbride. Taxon 28: 588-590.
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Bateman, R. M., A. M. Pridgeon, and M. W. Chase. 1997. Phylogenetics of subtribe Orchidinae (Orchidoideae, Orchidaceae) based on nuclear ITS sequences: 2. Infrageneric relationships and taxonomic revision to achieve monophyly of Orchis sensu stricto. Lindleyana 12: 113-141.
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Bateman, Richard M. 2003. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 142(1): 21.
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Bayer, R. J. et al. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships in Sarraceniaceae based on rbcL and ITS sequences. Syst. Bot. 21: 121-134.
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Bayer, R.J. and G.L. Stebbins. 1987. Chromosome numbers, patterns of distribution, and apomixis in Antennaria (Asteraceae: Inuleae). Sytematic Botany 12: 305-319.
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Bayer, R.J. and G.L. Stebbins. 1993. A synopsis with keys for the genus Antennaria (Asteraceae: Inuleae: Gnaphaliinae) for North America. Canadian Journal of Botany 71: 1589-1604.
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Beaman, J.H. 1957. The systematics and evolution of Townsendia (Compositae). Contributions Gray Herbarium 183: 1-151.
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Beatley, J. C. 1973. Russian-thistle (Salsola) species in western United States. J. Range Management 26: 225-226.
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Beetle, A.A. 1943. The North American variations of Distichlis spicata. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70:638-650.
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Bell, C. D., and R. Patterson. 2000. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Linanthus (Polemoniaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 87(12):1857-1870.
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Benson, L. D. 1982. Cacti of the United States and Canada. Stanford.
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Best, K. F. and G. K. McIntyre. 1975. The biology of Canadian weeds. 9. Thlaspi arvense L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 55: 279-292.
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Betancourt, J. L., A. Long, D. J. Donahue, A. J. T. Jull, and T. H. Zabel. 1984. Pre-Columbian age for North American Corispermum L. (Chenopodiaceae) confirmed by accelerator radiocarbon dating. Nature 311: 653-655.
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Biek 2000
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Biek, D. 2000. Flora of Mt. Rainier National Park. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.
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Bierner, M.W. 1972. Taxonomy of Helenium sect. Tetrodus and a conspectus of North American Helenium (Compositae). Brittonia 24: 331-355.
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Bigley, R. E. and J. L. Barreca. 1982. Evidence for synonymizing Zostera americana den Hartog with Zostera japonica Aschers. & Graebn. Aquatic Bot. 14: 349–356.
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Bishop, G. F., and A. J. Davy. 1994. Hieracium pilosella L. (Pilosella officinarum F. Schultz & Schultz-Bip.). J. Ecol. 82: 195-210.
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Bjork, C. R. 2002. A new susbspecies of Navarretia leucocephala (Polemoniaceae) from vernal pools in eastern Washington. Madroño 49: 165-168.
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Bjork, C. R. and M. Darrach. 2009. An investigation of morphological evidence supports the resurrection of Pyrrocoma scaberula (Asteraceae: Astereae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3:231–238.
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Blackwell, W. H., J. D. Haacke, and C. O. Hopkins. 1979. Halogeton (Chenopodiaceae) in North America. Sida 8: 157-169.
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Boetsch, J. R. 2002. The Aizoaceae and Molluginaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67: 42-53.
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Bogle, A. L. 1961. A study of the genus Petasites in the Pacific Northwest, with special reference to Petasites warrenii St. John. Unpublished M.S. thesis, University of Washington, Seattle.
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Bogle, A. L. 1968. Evidence for the hybrid origin of Petasites warrenii and P. vitifolius. Rhodora 70: 533-551.
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Bogle, A. L. 1970. The genera of Molluginaceae and Aizoaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 51: 431-462.
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Boivin, B. 1956. Stellaria sectio Umbellatae Schischkin (Caryophyllaceae). Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 50: 113-114.
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Borgen, L. 1987. Lobularia (Cruciferae). A biosystematic study with special reference to the Macaronesian region. Opera Bot. 91: 1-96.
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Bouquet, G. 1969. Revision Physolychnidium (Silene sect. Physolychnis). Phanerogamarum Monographiae 1: 342. Cramer, Lehre.
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Bramwell 1972. Lagascalia 2: 37-115
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Braun, A. 1871. Hr. Braun theilte neuere Untersuchungen über die Gattungen Marsilea und Pilularia. Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1870: 653–753.
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Brayshaw, T. C. 1989. Buttercups, Waterlilies, and Their Relatives (the Order Ranales) in British Columbia. Victoria. [Roy. Brit. Columbia Mus. Mem. 1.].
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Brooks, R. E. and A. T. Whittemore. 1999. Juncus anthelatus (Juncaceae, Juncus subg. Poiophylli), a new status for a North American taxon. Novon 9:11-12.
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Brooks, R. E. and S. E. Clemants. 2000. Juncaceae. In: Flora of North America Editorial Comittee, Eds. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 22, Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae. Oxford University Press, New York.
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Brown, P. M. 1995. Checklist of the Orchids of North America North of Mexico. North American Native Orchid Journal Special Publication, Brighton, MA.
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Brownell, V. R. and P. M. Catling. 1987. Notes on the distribution and taxonomy of Cypripedium fasciculatum Kellogg ex Watson (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 2: 53-57.
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Bruederle, L. P., M. S. Hugan, and J. M. Dignan. 1996. Genetic variation in natural populations of the large cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait. (Ericaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 123: 41-47.
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Brunsfield, S. J. & F. D. Johnson. 1990. Cytological, morphological and phenological support for specific status of Crataegus suksdorfii (Rosaceae). Madroño 37: 274-282.
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Buckingham et al. 1995
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Buckingham et al. 1995
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Buckingham, N. M., E. G. Schreiner, T. N. Kaye, J. E. Burger, and E. L. Tisch. 1995. Flora of the Olympic Peninsula. Northwest Interpretive Association and the Washington Native Plant Society, Seattle, WA. 199 p.
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Butterworth, C. A., J. H. Conta Sanchez, and R. S. Wallace. 2002. Molecular systematics of tribe Cacteae (Cactaceae: Cactoideae): a phylogeny based on rp/16 intron sequence variation. Systematic Botany 27: 257-270.
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