Literature References

The following literature references are cited in the Washington Flora Checklist. These may include floras, journal articles, monographs, theses, web sites, and other scholarly resources.

View literature beginning with:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Literature beginning with C:
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C. D. LaRue. 1936. Vegatative reproduction in Eleocharis rostellata. Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci., 21: 105–117.
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Campbell, C. S., C. W. Greene, and T. A. Dickinson. 1991. Reproductive Biology in Subfam. Maloideae (Rosaceae). Systematic Botany 16: 333-349.
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Campbell, D. H. 1897. A morphological study of Naias and Zannichellia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 3, 1: 1–70.
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Canne, J.M. 1977. A revision of the genus Galinsoga (Compositae: Heliantheae). Rhodora 79: 319-389.
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Carolin, R. 1987. A review of the family Portulacaceae. Austral. J. Bot. 35: 383-412.
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Carolin, R. C. 1983. The trichomes of the Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 103: 451-466.
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Carolin, R. C. 1993. Portulacaceae, In: K. Kubitzi et al., eds. 1990+. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. 4+ vols. Berlin, Vol. 2, p. 544-555.
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Catling, P. M. & V. R. Catling. 1989. Observations of the pollination of Platanthera huronensis in southwest Colorado. Lindleyana 4: 78-84.
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Catling, P. M. 1982. Breeding systems of northeastern North American Spiranthes (Orchidaceae). Canadian journal of Botany 60: 3017-3039.
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Catling, P. M. and J. R. Brown. 1983. Morphometrics and ecological isolation in sympatric Spiranthes (Orchidaceae) in southwestern Ontario. Canadian journal of Botany 61: 2747-2759.
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Catling, P. M. and K. W. Spicer. 1987. The perennial Juncus of section Poiophylli in the Canadian prairie provinces. Canadian Journal of Botany 65: 750-760.
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Caulkins, D. B. and R. Wyatt. 1990. Variation and taxonomy of Phytolacca americana and P. rigida in the southeastern United States. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 117: 357-367.
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Ceska, A, and O. Ceska. 1986. Notes on Myriophyllum (Haloragaceae) in the Far East: the identity of Myriophyllum sibiricum Komarov. Taxon 35: 95-100.
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Ceska, A. and M. A. Bell. 1973. Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae) in the Pacific Northwest. Madroño 22: 74-84.
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Ceska, O., A. Ceska, and P. D. Warrington. 1986. Myriophyllum quitense and Myriophyllum ussuriense (Haloragaceae) in British Columbia, Canada. Brittonia 38: 73-81.
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Chambers, K. L. 1964. Nomenclature of Microseris lindleyi. Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 106–108.
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Chambers, K. L. 1993. Claytonia, In: Hickman, J. C., Ed. The Jepson Manual. Higher Plants of California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley. Pp. 898-900.
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Chambers, K.L. 1989. Madroño 36: 281
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Chase, M. W., et al. 1993. Phylogenetics of seed plants: An analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gfene rbcL. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80: 528-580.
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Cherniawsky, D. M. and R. J. Bayer. 1998a. Systematics of North American Petasites (Asteraceae: Senecioneae). I. Morphometric analysis. Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 23-36.
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Cherniawsky, D. M. and R. J. Bayer. 1998b. Systematics of North American Petasites (Asteraceae: Senecioneae). II. Isozyme analysis and population genetic structure. Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 1476-1487.
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Cherniawsky, D. M. and R. J. Bayer. 1998c. Systematics of North American Petasites (Asteraceae: Senecioneae). III. A taxonomic revision. Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 2061-2075.
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Cholewa, A. F. & D. M. Henderson. 1984. Biosystematics of Sisyrinchium section Bermudiana (Iridaceae) of the Rocky Mountains. Brittonia 36: 342-363.
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Christy, J. A. 1994. Noteworthy collections, Washington. Madrono 41: 332.
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Christy, J. A., O. Ceska, and A. Ceska. 2001. Noteworthy collections. Washington. Myriophyllum ussuriense. Madroño 47: 213.
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Clapham, A.R., T.G. Tutin and D.M. Moore. 1987. Flora of the British Isles, 3rd Ed. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK.
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Clark, C. 1978. Systematic studies of Eschscholzia (Papaveraceae). I. The origin and affinities of E. mexicana. Syst. Bot. 3: 374-385.
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Clevenger, S. and C.B. Heiser Jr. 1963. Helianthus laetiflorus and Helianthus rigidus–hybrids or species? Rhodora 65: 121-133.
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Cock, A. W. A. M. de. 1980. Flowering, pollination and fruiting in Zostera marina L. Aquatic Bot. 9: 201–220.
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Collins, S. L. and W. H. Blackwell. 1979. Bassia (Chenopodiaceae) in North America. Sida 8: 57-64.
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Coquillat, M. 1951. Sur les plantes les plus communes à la surface du globe. Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 20: 165-170.
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Costea, M. and D. A. DeMason. 2001. Stem morphology and anatomy in Amaranthus L. (Amaranthaceae): Taxonomic significance. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 254-281.
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Costea, M., A. Sanders, and G. Waines. 2001a. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). Sida 19: 931-974.
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Costea, M., A. Sanders, and G. Waines. 2001b. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. Sida 19: 975-992.
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Costea, M., M.R. Wright, and S. Stefanović. 2009. Untangling the systematics of salt marsh dodders: Cuscuta pacifica, a new segregate species from Cuscuta salina (Convolvulaceae). Systematic Botany 34(4): 787–795.
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Couderc-LeVaillant, M. 1993. Evidence of multiple introduction of Crupina vulgaris in infestations in the western United States. Madroño 40: 63-65.
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Coville, F. V. 1896. Juncus confusus, a new rush from the Rocky Mountain region. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 10: 127-130.
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Crawford, D. J. 1975. Systematic relationships in the narrow-leaved species of Chenopodium of the western United States. Brittonia 27: 279-288.
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Crib, P. J. 1997. The Genus Cypripedium. Portland.
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Crompton, C. W. and I. J. Bassett. 1985. The biology of Canadian weeds. 65. Salsola pestifer A. Nels. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 65: 379-388.
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Cronquist, A. 1978. Compositae, Senecioneae. N. Am. Flora Ser. II. No. 10., pp. 174-179.
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IMF6
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Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, et. al. 1977. Intermountain Flora Volume 6: The Monocotyledons. New York Botanical Garden Press. 600 p.
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IMF4
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Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, et. al. 1984. Intermountain Flora Volume 4: Subclass Asteridae (except Asteraceae). New York Botanical Garden Press. 586 p.
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IMF1
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Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, et. al. 1986. Intermountain Flora Volume 1: Geological and Botanical History, Plant Geography, Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, Glossary. New York Botanical Garden Press. 270 p.
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IMF5
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Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, et. al. 1994. Intermountain Flora Volume 5: Asterales. New York Botanical Garden Press. 496 p.
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IMF3A
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Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, et. al. 1997. Intermountain Flora Volume 3, Part A: Subclass Rosidae (except Fabales). New York Botanical Garden Press. 456 p.
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IMF
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Cronquist, A., et al. 1972+. Intermountain Flora. New York Botanical Garden Press.
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Crow & Hellquist 2000
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Crow & Hellquist 2000
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Crow, G. E., and C. B. Hellquist. 2000. Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Northeastern North America. 2 Vols. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.
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