Literature References

The following literature references are cited in the Washington Flora Checklist. These may include floras, journal articles, monographs, theses, web sites, and other scholarly resources.

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Literature beginning with H:
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Haber, E. 1987. Variability, distribution, and systematics of Pyrola picta s.l. (Ericaceae) in western North America. Syst. Bot. 12: 324-335.
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Haines 2003
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Haines, A.A. 2003. The families Huperziaceae and Lycopodiaceae of New England: a taxonomic and ecological reference. V.F. Thomas Co., Bowdoin, ME. 100 pp.
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Halleck, D. K. and D. Wiens. 1966. Taxonomic status of Claytonia rosea and C. lanceolata (Portulacaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 205-212.
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Hämet-Ahti, L. 1965. Luzula piperi (Cov.) M. E. Jones. An overlooked wood rush in western North America and eastern Asia. Aquilo, Ser. Bot. 3: 11–21.
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Hämet-Ahti 1971
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Hämet-Ahti, L. 1971. A synopsis of the species of Luzula, subgenus Anthelaea Griseb. (Juncaceae) indigenous in North America. Annales Botanici Fennici 8: 368-381.
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Hämet-Ahti, L. 1980a. The Juncus effusus aggregate in eastern North America. Ann. Bot. Fennici 17: 183-191.
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Hämet-Ahti, L. 1980b. Juncus alpinoarticulatus: the legitimate name for Juncus alpinus. Ann. Bot. Fennici 17: 341-342.
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Hämet-Ahti, L. 1986. North American races of Juncus alpinoarticulatus (Juncaceae). Ann. Bot. Fennici 23:277-281.
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Hanson, C. A. 1962. Perennial Atriplex of Utah and the northern deserts. Unpublished M.S. thesis, Brigham Young University.
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Hardin, J. W. 1964. A comparison of Phytolacca americana and P. rigida. Castanea 29: 155-164.
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Harris, A.S. 1965. Subalpine fir [Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt.] on Harris Ridge near Hollis, Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. NorthW. Sci. 39: 123–128.
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Harrison, P. G. 1976. Zostera japonica (Aschers. & Graebn.) in British Columbia, Canada. Syesis 9: 359–360.
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Hatch, S. L. 2003. Redfieldia Vasey, p. 41 in: Barkworth, M. E., K. M. Capels, S. Long, and M. B. Piep, eds. 2003. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 25 Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York.
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Hauke, R.L. 1966. A systematic study of Equisetum arvense. Nova Hedwigia 13: 81–109. Hauke, R.L. 1979. Equisetum ramosissimum in North America. Amer. Fern J. 69: 1–5.
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Hayden, A. 1939. Notes on Typha angustifolia in Iowa. Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 13: 341–351.
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Haynes, R. R. 1977. The Najadaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 58: 161–170.
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Haynes, R. R. and L. B. Holm-Nielsen. 1987. The Zannichelliaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 68: 259–268.
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Heckard, L.R. 1973. A taxonomic re-interpretation of the Orobanche californica complex. Madrono 22(2): 41-70.
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Heil, K. D., B. Armstrong, and D. Schleser. 1981. A review of the genus Pediocactus. Cactus and Succulent Journal (Los Angeles) 53: 17-39.
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Heiser, C.B. 1949. Study in the evolution of the sunflower species Helianthus annus and Helianthus bolanderi. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 23: 157-208.
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Heiser, C.B. 1969. The North American sunflowers (Helianthus). Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 1-218.
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Hellquist, C. B. and G. E. Crow. 1986. Potamogeton x haynesii (Potamogetonaceae), a new species from northeastern North America. Brittonia 38: 415–419.
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Henderson, D. M. 1976. A biosystematic study of Pacific Northwestern blue-eyed grasses (Sisyrinchium, Iridaceae). Brittonia 28: 149-176.
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Henderson, N. C. 1992. What is Iris germanica? Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 286: 6-11.
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Henderson, N. C. 1993. Iris ×conglomerata. Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 290: 17-22.
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Henrickson, J. 1999. Studies in New World Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae). Sida 18: 783-807.
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Hermann, F. J. 1975. Manual of the Rushes (Juncus spp.) of the Rocky Mountains and Colorado Basin. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-18, Fort Collins, CO.
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Hershkovitz, M. A. 1992. Leaf morphology of Cistanthe tweedyi (nee Lewisia tweedyi; Portulacaceae). Systematic Botany 17: 220-238.
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Hershkovitz, M. A. 1993a. Revised circumscriptions and subgeneric taxonomies of Calandrinia and Montiopsis with notes on phylogeny of the portulacaceous alliance. Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden 80: 333-365.
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Hershkovitz, M. A. 1993b. Leaf morphology of Calandrinia and Montiopsis (Portulaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden 80: 366-396.
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Hershkovitz, M. A., and E. A. Zimmer. 1997. On the evolutionary origins of the cacti. Taxon 46: 217-232.
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Hershkovitz, M. A., and E. A. Zimmer. 2000. Ribosomal DNA evidence and disjunctions of western North America Portulacaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 15: 419-439.
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Hershkovitz, M.A. 2006. Gayana Bot. 63(1): 13-74.
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Heusser, C.J. 1954. Alpine fir at Taku glacier, Alaska, with notes on its post glacial migration to the territory. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 83–86.
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JPM
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Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley. pp. 898-900.
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Higgins 1974. Great Basin Naturalist 34: 161-166
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Higgins, L.C. 1971. A revision of Cryptantha subgenus Oreocarya. Brigham Young University Sci. Bull., Biol. Series 13(4): 1-63
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Hilu, K. W. 2003. Eleusine Gaertn., p. 109-110, in: Barkworth, M. E., K. M. Capels, S. Long, and M. B. Piep, eds. 2003. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 25 MagnoliophytA: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York. 783 p.
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Hitchcock, A. S. & A. Chase. 1971. Manual of the Grasses of the United States, 2nd ed. Dover Publ., New York.
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Hitchcock, A.S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States. Misc. Publ. 200. USDA. (but title page says revised Feb., 1951!)
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Hitchcock, C. L. and B. Maguire. 1947. A revision of the North American species of Silene. Univ. Wash. pubs. in Biol. 13: 1-73.
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VPPNW
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Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, J. W. Thompson. 1955-1969. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest Parts 1-5. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.
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VPPNW5
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Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, J. W. Thompson. 1955. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest Part 5: Compositae. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA. 349 pp.
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VPPNW4
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Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, J. W. Thompson. 1959. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest Part 4: Ericaceae through Campanulaceae. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA. 516 pp.
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VPPNW3
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Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, J. W. Thompson. 1961. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest Part 3: Saxifragaceae to Ericaceae. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA. 614 pp.
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VPPNW2
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Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, J. W. Thompson. 1964. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest Part 2: Salicaceae to Saxifragaceae. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA. 597 pp.
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VPPNW1
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Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest Part 1: Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA. 925 pp.
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HC
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Hitchcock & Cronquist 1973
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Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest: An Illustrated Manual. University of Washington Press.
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Hochstätter, F. 1995. The Genera Pediocactus, Navajoa, Toumeya, Cactaceae, revised. Mannheim.
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IMF2B
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Holmgren, A. H., Patricia K. Holmgren, et. al. 2005. Intermountain Flora Volume 2, Part B: Subclass Dilleniidae. New York Botanical Garden Press.
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Holmgren, N. H. 1997. Rosaceae, the rose family, pp. 64-158. In: Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, et. al. 1997. Intermountain Flora Volume 3, Part A: Subclass Rosidae (except Fabales). New York Botanical Garden Press. 456 p.
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Hoover, R. F. 1955. Further observations on Brodiaea and some related genera. Plant Life 11: 13-22.
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Hopkins, C. O. and W. H. Blackwell. 1977. Synopsis of Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae) in North America. Sida 7: 147-173.
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Howell, J.T. 1959. Studies in Cirsium-II. Leaflets W. Botany 9: 9-15.
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Hultén, E., and M. Fries. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants North of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 Vols. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany.
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