Literature References

The following literature references are cited in the Washington Flora Checklist. These may include floras, journal articles, monographs, theses, web sites, and other scholarly resources.

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Literature beginning with S:
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Salamone et al. 2013. Bioclimatic, Ecological, and Phenotypic Intermediacy and High Genetic Admixture in a Natural Hybrid of Octoploid Strawberries. American Journal of Botany 100(5): 939–950.
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Sales, F. 1993. Taxonomy and nomenclature of Bromus sect. Genea. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 50:1-31.
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Saltonstall, K., P.M. Peterson, and R.J. Soreng. 2004. Recognition of Phragmites australis ssp. americanus (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America: evidence from morphological and genetic analyses. Sida 21(2):683-692.
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Sastroutomo, S. S. 1981. Turion formation, dormancy and germination of curly pondweed, Potamogeton crispus L. Aquatic Bot. 10: 161–173.
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Sauer, J. D. 1955. Revision of the dioecious amaranths. Madroño 13: 5-46.
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Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: A revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden 54: 103-137.
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Sauer, J. D. 1972. The dioecious amaranths: A new species name and major range extensions. Madroño 21: 426-434.
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Sayce, K. 2002. Noteworthy collections, Washington, Baccharis pilularis. Madroño 49: 132.
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Schenk, H. J. and W. R. Ferren Jr. 2001. On the sectional nomenclature of Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae). Taxon 50: 857-873.
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Schischkin, B. K., and E. G. Bobrov, eds. 2002. Flora of the USSR. Volume XXX. Compositae Genus Hieracium. Translated from Russian. Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Washington, D.C. Contributor A. L. Juxip. Plates A. E. Likas. 706 p.
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SBM4
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Schlessman 1984
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Schlessman, M.A. 1984. Systematics of tuberous Lomatium (Umbelliferae). Systematic Botany Monographs Volume 4. American Society of Plant Taxonomists. 55 pp.
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SBM4
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Schlessman 1984
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Schlessman, Mark A. 1984. Systematics of Tuberous Lomatiums, Systematic Botany Monographs Vol. 4.
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Schutz et al. 2016
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Schütz, N., Quandt, D. and Nebel, M., 2016. The position of the genus Apopellia stat. nov. within the Pelliales (Marchantiophytina: Jungermanniopsida). Taxon, 65(2), pp.221-234.
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Scott, A. J. 1978. A review of the classificagtion of Chenopodium L. and related genera (Chenopodiaceae). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 100: 205-220.
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JPM2
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Second Edition of The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California.
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Sell, P.D. and G. Murrell. 1996. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 5, Butomaceae - Orchidaceae. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK.
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Semple, J.C. J.G. Chmielewski, and R.A. Brammall. 1990. A multivariate morphometric study of Solidago nemoralis (Compositae: Astereae) and comparison with S. californica and S. sparsiflora. Canadian Journal of Botany 68: 2070-2082.
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Semple, J.C., C. Leeder, C. Leuty, and L. Gray. 1988. Heterotheca Sect. Ammodia (Compositae: Astereae): a multivariate study of H. oregana and specimens of Brewer's (golden) aster. Sytematic Botany 13: 547-558.
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Shaffer-Fehre, M. 1991. The endotegmen tuberculae: An account of little-known structures from the seed coat of the Hydrocharitoideae (Hydrocharitaceae) and Najas (Najadaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 107: 169–188.
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Shaffer-Fehre, M. 1991b. The position of Najas within the subclass Alismatidae (Monocotyledones) in the light of new evidence from seed coat structures in the Hydrocharitoideae (Hydrocharitales). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 107: 189–209.
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Sheahan, M. C. and M. W. Chase. 1996. A phylogenetic analysis of Zygophyllaceae R.Br. based on morphological, anatomical and rbcL DNA sequence data. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 122: 279–300.
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Shelly, J. S., P. Lesica, P. G. Wolf, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 1998. Systematic studies and conservation status of Claytonia lanceolata var. flava (Portulacaceae). Madroño 45: 64-74.
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Sheviak, C. J. 1984. Spiranthes diluvialis (Orchidaceae), a new species from the western United States. Brittonia 36: 8-14.
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Sheviak, C. J. 1992. Natural hybridization between Cypripedium montanum and its yellow-lipped relatives. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 61: 546-559.
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Sheviak, C. J. 1993. Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. makasin (Farwell) Sheviak. Am. Orchid Soc. Bull. 62:403.
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Sheviak, C. J. 1994. Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. I: The small-flowered varieties. Am. Orchid Soc. Bull. 63:664-669.
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Sheviak, C. J. 1995. Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. II: The larger-flowered plants and patterns of variation. Am. Orchid. Soc. Bull. 64:606-612 + cover 4.
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Sheviak, C. J. 1999a. Platanthera hyperborea and a reappraisal of green platantheras. No. Am. Native Orchid Journ. 5: 117-141; 198.
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Sheviak, C. J. 1999b. The identities of Platanthera hyperborea and P. huronensis, with the description of a new species from North America. Lindleyana 14: 193-203.
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Sheviak, C. J. 2000d. Refinements in our understanding of some green platantheras. No. Am. Native Orchid Journ. 6: 88-92.
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Sheviak, C. J. 2002a. Cypripedium, pp. 499-507, In: Flora of North America Editorial Comittee, eds. 2002. Flora of North America North of Mexico, Volume 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. New York and Oxford.
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Sheviak, C. J. 2002b. Platanthera, pp. 551-571, In: Flora of North America Editorial Comittee, eds. 2002. Flora of North America North of Mexico, Volume 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. New York and Oxford.
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Sheviak, C. J. 2002c. Platanthera (Orchidaceae) in the Pacific Northwest. Botanical Electronic News (BEN) No. 292, June 28, 2002. [http://www.ou.edu/cas/botany-micro/ben/]
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Sheviak, C. J. and P. M. Brown. 2002. Spiranthes, pp.530-545, In: Flora of North America Editorial Comittee, eds. 2002. Flora of North America North of Mexico, Volume 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. New York and Oxford.
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Sheviak, C.J. 2001. A role for water droplets in the pollination of Platanthera aquilonis (Orchidaceae). Rhodora 103: 380-386.
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Showers, M. A. T. 1987. A systematic study of Silene suksdorfii, S. grayi and S. sargentii (Caryophyllaceae). Madrono 34: 29-40.
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Sida 18(3): 827-830. 1999.
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Smith, E.B. 1975. The chromosome numbers of North American Coreopsis with phyletic implications. Bot. Gaz. 136: 78-86.
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Smith, J.F., D.N. Perkins, C.R. Björk, and G. Glenne. 2010. Species Boundaries in Pyrrocoma liatriformis and Pyrrocoma scaberula (Asteraceae) Based on AFLP Data. Madroño, 57(2):95-105.
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Snogerup, S., P. F. Zika, and J. Kirschner. 2002. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Juncus. Preslia 74: 247-266.
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Stace 1997
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Stace 1997
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Stace, C. 1997. New Flora of the British Isles. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 1130 p.
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Stace, C. A. 1989. New combinations in the British and Irish flora. Watsonia 17: 442-444
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Stefanović, S., D.F. Austin and R.G. Olmstead. 2003. Classification of Convolvulaceae: A Phylogenetic Approach. Systematic Botany 28(4): 791-806.
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Stefanović, S., L. Krueger, and R. G. Olmstead. 2002. Monophyly of the Convolvulaceae and circumscription of their major lineages based on DNA sequences of multiple chloroplast loci. American Journal of Botany 89:1510–1522.
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Stevens 2001
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Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 2 August 2001. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/.
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Stewart, D. and D. Wiens. 1971. Chromosome races in Claytonia lanceolata (Portulacaceae). American Journal of Botany 58: 41-47.
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Strachan 1988 PhD thesis Univ. Montana
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Strickler 1997
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Strickler 1997
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Strickler, Dee. 1997. Northwest Penstemons. 80 Species of Penstemon Native to the Pacific Northwest. Flower Press, Columbia Falls, Montana. 191 pp.
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Strother, J.L. 1978. Luina, Cacaliopsis, Rainiera. pp. 160-163, in North American Flora, ser. 2, pt. 10. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.
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Strother, J.L. and W.J. Ferlatte. 1988. Review of Erigeron eatonii and allied taxa (Compositae: Astereae). Madroño 35: 77-91.
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Stuckey, R. 1972. Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Rorippa (Cruciferae) in North America. Sida 4: 279-430.
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Stuckey, R. L. 1979. Distributional history of Potamogeton crispus (curly pondweed) in North America. Bartonia 46: 22–42.
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Stuckey, R. L. and D. P. Salamon. 1987. Typha angustifolia in North America: Aa foreigner masquerading as a native. [Abstract.] Ohio J. Sci. 87: 4. [Abstract.]
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Stuckey, R. L., G. Schneider, and M. L. Roberts. 1990. Butomus umbellatus L.: Notes from the German literature and North american field studies. Ohio J. Sci. 90: 5-6.
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Stuckey, R. L., J. R. Wehrmeister, and R. J. Bartolotta. 1978. Submersed aquatic vascular plants in ice-covered ponds of central Ohio. Rhodora 80: 203–208.
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Stutz, H. C. and S. C. Sanderson. 1979. The role of polyploidy in the evolution of Atriplex canescens. In: J. R. Goodin and D. K. Northington, eds. 1929. Arid Plant Resources.... Lubbock. Pp. 615-621.
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Sukopp, H. and U. Starfinger. 1995. Reynoutria sachalinensis in Europe and in the Far East: a comparison of the species ecology in its native and adventive distribution range, pp. 151-159. In: Py”ek, P., K. Prach, M. Rejmánek, and M. Wade, eds., Plant Invasions. General Aspects and Special Problems. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam.
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Sutton, D.A. 1988. A Revision of the Tribe Antirrhineae 455-461.
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Syst. Bot. 40(2): 617.
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Syst. Bot. Monographs 78. 2006.
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Syst. Bot. Monographs 83. 2007.
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Sytsma et al. 2002 Amer. J. Bot. 89:1531–1546.
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