Literature References

The following literature references are cited in the Washington Flora Checklist. These may include floras, journal articles, monographs, theses, web sites, and other scholarly resources.

View literature beginning with:
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Literature beginning with W:
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WA report in 1996 Univ. of Waterloo Biology Series
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Wagenitz, G. 1975. Centaurea L., pp. 465-585, in Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 5, P.H. Davis, ed. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
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Wagner, W. H. and F. S. Wagner. 1994. Another widely disjunct, rare and local North American moonwort Ophioglossaceae: Botrychium subgen. Botrychium. American Fern Journal 84: 5-10.
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Wahl, H. A. 1952. A preliminary study of the genus Chenopodium in North America. Bartonia 27: 1-46.
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Wallace, L. E. 2003. An evaluation of taxonomic boundaries in Platanthera dilatata (Orchidaceae) based on morphological and molecular variation. Rhodora 105: 322-336.
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Wallace, L. E. and M. A. Case. 2000. Contrasting allozyme diversity between northern and southern populations of Cypripedium parviflorum (Orchidaceae): implications for Pleistocene refugia and taxonomic boundaries. Systematic Botany 25: 281-296.
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Walters, S. M. 1953. Montia fontana L. Watsonia 3: 1-6.
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Watson, A. K. 1980. The biology of Canadian weeds. 43. Acroptilon (Centaurea) repens (L.) DC. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 60: 993–1004.
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Weber, W. A. 1985. The genus Teloxys (Chenopodiaceae). Phytologia 58: 477-478.
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Weber, W.A. 1946. A taxonomic and cytological study of the genus Wyethia, family Compositae, with notes on the related genus Balsamorhiza. American Midland Naturalist 35: 400-452.
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Weber, W.A. 1952. The genus Helianthella (Compositae). American Midland Naturalist 48: 1-35.
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Weber, W.A. 1953. Balsamorhiza terebinthacea and other hybrid balsam-roots. Madroño 12: 47-49.
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Wells, T. C., and J. B. Phipps. 1989. Studies in Crataegus (Rosaceae: Maloideae). XX. Interserial hybridization between Crataegus monogyna (series Oxycantha) and Crataegus puncata (series Punctatae) in southern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 2465-2472.
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Wheeler, L. C. 1943. History and orthography of the celastraceous genus "Pachystima" Rafinesque. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 29: 792–795.
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Wherry, E. T. 1933. The geographic relations of Sarracenia purpurea. Bartonia 15: 1-6.
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Whittall, J.B., M.L. Carlson, P.M. Beardsley, R.J. Meinke, and A. Liston. 2006. The Mimulus moschatus Alliance (Phrymaceae): Molecular and Morphological Phylogenetics and their Conservation Implications. Systematic Botany 31(2): 380–397.
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Wiegand, K. M. 1900. Juncus tenuis Willd, and some of its North American allies. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 511-527.
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Wight, W.F. 1902. The genus Eritrichium in North America. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 29: 407-414.
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Wilce, J. H. 1965. Section Complanata of the genus Lycopodium. Beih. Nova Hedwigia 19: 1-233.
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Wilken, D.H. 1975. A sytematic study of the genus Hulsea (Asteraceae). Brittonia 27: 228-244.
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Wilkin, P. 1992. The status of Amaranthus bouchonii Thellung within Amaranthus section Amaranthus: New evidence from studies of morphology and isozymes. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 108: 253-267.
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Williams, L.O. 1937. A monograph of the genus Mertensia in North America. Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden 24: 17-159.
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Williams, S. L. 1995. Surfgrass (Phyllospadix torreyi) reproduction: Reproductive phenology, resource allocation, and staminate rarity. Ecology 76: 1953–1970.
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Wilson et al. 2008
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Wilson, B. L., R. Brainerd, D. Lytjen, B. Newhouse, and N. Otting. 2008. Field guide to the sedges of the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR. 431 pp.
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Wilson, B. L., R. Brainerd, M. Huso, K. Kuykendall, D. Lytjen, B. Newhouse, N. Otting, S. Sundberg and P. Zika. 1999. Atlas of Oregon Carex. Native Plant Society of Oregon, Occasional Paper No. 1. Eugene, OR. 29 pp.
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Wilson, P. G. 1984. Chenopodiaceae, In: R. Robertson et al., eds. 1981+. Flora of Australia. 23+ volumes. Canberra. Vol. 4, pp. 81-317.
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Wilson, P. G. 1987. Generic status in the Chenopodiaceae. Newslett. Austral. Syst. Bot. Soc. 53: 78-85.
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Winward, A.H. 1980. Taxonomy and ecology of sagebrush in Oregon. Oregon State University Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. 642, Corvallis.
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Winward, A.H. and E.D. McArthur. 1995. Lahontan sagebrush (Artemisia arbuscula ssp. longicaulis): a new taxon. Great Basin Naturalist 55: 151-157.
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Wisskirchen, R., and H. Haeupler, Eds. 1998. Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands (mit Chromosomenatlas von Focke Albers). Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, Germany. 766 p. [A synonymized list of ferns and flowering plants of Germany, with chromosome atlas by F Albers; in German]
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Wister, J. C. 1927. The Iris: A Treatise on the History, Development and Culture of the Iris for the Amateur Gardener. Orange Judd Publ. Co., London. 122 p.
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Wolf, S. J. and K. E. Denford. 1984. Taxonomy of Arnica (Compositae) subgenus Austromontana. Rhodora 86: 239-309.
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