5 species
4 subspecies and varieties
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Pinus albicauliswhite-bark pine
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Wyoming and Montana.
Habitat: Generally near timberline, preferring south-facing slopes.
Origin: Native
Cones: June-July
Pinus contorta
Distribution: Alaska south into Oregon, east to Alberta and South Dakota, and in the Rocky Mountain states
Habitat: Dry montane forests, rocky balds, coastal bluffs and sand dunes, and sphagnum bogs.
Origin: Native
Cones: April - June
var. contorta – shore pine
var. latifolia – lodgepole pine
var. murrayana – Sierra lodgepole pine
Pinus monticolawestern white pine
Distribution: British Columbia to California, east to Utah and Montana; in the Washington Olympics
Habitat: Moist valleys and drier slopes, near sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Cones: May - June
Pinus pinaster
Origin: Introduced
Pinus ponderosablackjack pine, bull pine, ponderosa pine, western yellow pine
Distribution: Mostly east of the Cascades, British Columbia to Baja California, east to the Dakotas and Texas; in a few localities in the Puget Trough, Washington, and the Willamette Valley Oregon
Habitat: Mostly dry areas in open forests at low to moderate elevations
Origin: Native
Cones: May - June