Montiaceae
Miner's Lettuce Family
7 genera
31 species
7 subspecies and varieties
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Calandrinia ciliatafringed redmaids, redmainds
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Arizona and New Mexico.
Habitat: Gravelly to heavy soil, usually where vernally moist, at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Calyptridium roseumrosy pussypaws
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Benton County, Washington, where disjunct from the main range of the species; central Oregon to California, east to southern Idaho and Utah; disjunct in south-central Washington.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert to montane forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Calyptridium umbellatumpussypaws
Distribution: In Washington occurring throughout the Cascades Mountains; British Columbia south to Baja California, east to Montana, Wyoming and Utah.
Habitat: Ponderosa pine woods, to subalpine sandy flats and knolls, to the alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Claytonia arenicolasand claytonia, sand springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest along the eastern border of Washington and in the Columbia River Gorge; Washington to Oregon, east to Idaho and western Montana.
Habitat: Mossy and rocky places, from sagebrush desert to ponderosa pine forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Claytonia cordifoliabroadleaf springbeauty, heart-leaf springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington;
Habitat: On wet soil, usually along streams, moderate to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Claytonia exiguapale claytonia
Distribution: Southern B.C. to California, east to eastern Washington and Oregon, part of Nevada.
Habitat: Open areas on rock, clayey soils, or sand.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - July
ssp. exigua – Claytonia, pale springbeauty Claytonia
ssp. glauca – pallid Claytonia
Claytonia lanceolatalanceleaf springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Sasketchewan.
Habitat: Sagebrush foothills to alpine slopes, usually where vernally moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Claytonia megarhizafell-fields Claytonia
Distribution: Occurring in the Wenatchee Mountains of Washington; in scattered locations from Northwest Territories south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Gravelly soil and talus slopes, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Claytonia multiscapaRydberg's springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; in scattered locations from British Columbia south to Washington; east to Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Rocky subalpine to alpine slopes and outcroppings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
ssp. pacifica – Pacific lanceleaf springbeauty
Claytonia parviflorasmall-flowered miner's lettuce, small-flowered springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Open rocky areas, open forest, forest edge, and disturbed areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Claytonia perfoliataminer's-lettuce
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Forest openings and margins, shaded rock crevices, and open areas where seasonally moist from the coast to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Claytonia rubracushion miner's lettuce, erubescent lettuce, red miners lettuce
Distribution: Throughout much of Western U.S., north to southern B.C.
Habitat: Sandy areas, shrublands, dry coniferous woods
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - July
Claytonia sibiricacandyflower, Siberian springbeauty, western springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Montana and northeastern Oregon and southeastern Idaho.
Habitat: Moist, usually shady places, lowlands to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-September
Claytonia umbellataGreat Basin springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the Wenatchee Mountains in Washington, where disjunct from the main range of the species; Wasco and Wallowa counties, Oregon to California and western Nevada, disjunct in the Wenatchee Mountains of Washington.
Habitat: Montane to subalpine talus and scree.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Claytonia washingtonianaLake Washington claytonia, Lake Washington miner's lettuce, Lake Washington springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs and coniferous forests at low elevations, typically where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: January-June
Lewisia columbianaColumbia lewisia
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Open gravelly or rocky slopes and rock crevices at middle to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. columbiana – Columbia lewisia
var. rupicola – Columbia lewisia
Lewisia cotyledonSiskiyou lewisia
Origin: Introduced
Lewisia nevadensisNevada bitterroot
Distribution: Olympic and Cascade Mountains of Washington, south to California.
Habitat: Open, often gravelly, moist to mesic areas at moderate elevations in the mountains to above tree line.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late May - August
Lewisia pygmaealeast, alpine lewisia, dwarf lewisia
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic and Cascade Mountains of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Open, often gravelly, moist to rather dry areas, mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Lewisia redivivabitterroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and Arizona.
Habitat: Open gravelly and rocky areas from sagebrush plains to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
var. rediviva – bitterroot
Lewisia triphyllathree leaf bitterroot, three leaf lewisia
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Montana and south in the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Open, usually sandy areas where vernally moist, ponderosa pine forests to subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Lewisiopsis tweedyiTweedy's lewisia
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Kittitas, Chelan, and Okanogan counties in Washington; endemic to southern British Columbia and north-central Washington.
Habitat: Rock outcroppings and dry slopes of open ponderosa pine/Douglas fir forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Montia chamissoiChamisso's montia, water montia
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; scattered locations east of the Mississippi in the U.S.
Habitat: Wet areas, often in water, from the lowlands to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Montia dichotomadwarf montia
Distribution: Western Washington to northern Casifornia, east to Idaho and western Montana.
Habitat: Moist areas in the lowlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Montia diffusaspreading candyflower, branching montia
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Marin County, California.
Habitat: Moist woods at low elevation.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Montia fontanawater blinks, water chickweed, annual water miner's lettuce
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho, eastward across northern Canada to eastern North America.
Habitat: Wet places, including meadows, fields, lawns, and vernally moist sites, sometimes aquatic and floating, low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Montia howelliiHowell's montia
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Moist lowland areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - May
Montia linearislineleaf Indian lettuce, narrow-leafed montia
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; British Columbia south to Calfornia, east to the Rocky Mountains of Canada and the U.S.
Habitat: Moist to dry, usually sandy soil, low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Montia parvifolialittleleaf miner's lettuce, streambank springbeauty
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Dry soils, rocky outcrops, and other open, exposed areas from the coast to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Phemeranthus sediformisOkanogan fameflower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; southern British Columbia to northern Washington.
Habitat: Rocky, exposed slopes and ledges at lower elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Phemeranthus spinescensspinescent fameflower, spiny fameflower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; north-central Washington to north-central Oregon.
Habitat: Rocky, basaltic outcrops and sagebrush scabland.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September