7 genera
107 species
5 subspecies and varieties
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Lactarius affinissticky milk-cap
Lactarius alnicolagolden milk-cap
Lactarius aspideoidesbright yellow milk-cap
Lactarius caespitosusgray milk-cap
Lactarius deliciosusdelicious milk-cap
Distribution: Broad North America and Europe
Lactarius deterrimusfalse saffron milkcap
Lactarius fallaxvelvety milk-cap
Habitat: Litter in spruce and mixed conifer forests along the coast and in the interior mountains
Lactarius hepaticusliver milkcap
Lactarius kauffmanii
Distribution: Western
Habitat: Occurs with spruce and birch
Lactarius luculentus
var. laetus – orange milk-cap
Lactarius occidentalisalder milkcap
Distribution: Western Northern Hemisphere
Habitat: Occurs with alders
Lactarius olivaceoumbrinustoadskin milk-cap
Lactarius olympianus
Distribution: Western
Habitat: Conifer forests in PNW and Rocky Mountains
Lactarius pallescenspale-capped violet-latex milk-cap
Lactarius pseudomucidusslimy milk-cap
Distribution: Broad Western North America
Habitat: L. pseudomucidus is frequently found in coastal and mid-elevation conifer forests, and eastward at least as far as Idaho and southward into California.
Lactarius pubescens
Habitat: In the PNW, L. plumbeus occurs frequently under planted birch trees and often persists into late fall as dry black specimens. In Europe, it is reported from birch and spruce forests and also is known as L. necator (Bulliard: Fries) P. Karsten and L. turpis (Weinmann) Fries.
var. betulae – bearded milk-cap, downy milk-cap, woolly milk-cap
var. pubescens – downy milk-cap, woolly milk-cap, bearded milkcap
Lactarius resimusyellow staining bearded milk-cap, rollrim milkcap
Lactarius rubiduscandy-cap
Lactarius rubrilacteusbleeding milk-cap
Habitat: It occurs in a variety of habitats and seems to associate primarily with pines and Douglas-fir, especially in younger stands.
Lactarius rufusred hot milk-cap, red milk-cap, rufous milkcap
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: L. rufus commonly occurs with spruce and pine, often in abundance, for example, near the edge of bogs or in other moist areas where Sitka spruce occurs. It is very common in northern conifer forests around the world.
Lactarius scrobiculatuspitted milk-cap, scrobiculate milk-cap
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: common in our conifer forests
Lactarius subflammeusorange milk-cap
Distribution: Coastal
Habitat: Coastal conifer forests
Lactarius trivialisordinary milk-cap
Lactarius uviduspurple staining milk-cap
Russula adustawinecork brittlegill
Distribution: Western
Habitat: Conifer forests
Russula aerugineagreen brittlegill, grass-green Russula, tacky green Russula
Russula albonigrablack and white Russula, blackening Russula, integrated Russula
Russula americanaAmerican Russula
Russula basifurcatapale cap Russula
Russula bicolorbicolored Russula
Russula brevipesshort-stemmed Russula
Distribution: Broad, common
Russula cascadensisCascade Russula
Russula cessanstardy brittlegill
Russula chamaeleontinasmall yellow Russula
Russula crassotunicata
Habitat: Old-growth forests
Substrate: Well rotted wood
Russula cremoricolorcreamy Russula
Russula crenulata
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: All variety of forests with both conifers and hardwoods
Russula decoloranscopper brittlegill, graying Russula
Russula densifoliacrowded brittlegill, reddening Russula
Russula dissimulansred and black Russula
Russula emeticaemetic Russula, the sickener
Russula flavicepsyellow cap Russula
Russula foetensstinking brittlegill
Russula fragilisfragile brittlegill, fragile Russula
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: Near or well-rotted wood
Russula griseagrey Russula
Russula heterophyllagreasy green brittlegill
Russula laurocerasialmond-scented Russula
Distribution: Western
Russula lilacealilac brittlegill
Russula nigricansblackening brittlegill, blackening Russula
Distribution: Broad Widespread in Northern Hemisphere
Russula occidentaliswestern Russula
Distribution: Broad, common
Habitat: Conifer forests
Russula olivaceaolive brittlegill, rainbow Russula, tan-colored Russula
Russula parazureapowdery brittlegill, blue Russula
Russula pelargoniaPelargonium brittlegill
Russula placitapleasing Russula
Russula sanguinariabloody brittlegill, rosy Russula
Russula stuntzii
Distribution: Coastal Pacific Coast, from British Columbia to California
Habitat: Conifer forests, on or near rotting wood
Russula xerampelinacrab brittlegill, shrimp mushroom, shrimp Russula
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: Variety of forest types