Aphyllon
broomrape
6 species
4 subspecies and varieties
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Aphyllon californicumCalifornia broomrape
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to Baja California, also east of the Cascades crest in Oregon.
Habitat: Coastal and sub-coastal, or in meadows inland, parasitic on Asteraceae but not on Artemisia tridentata.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
ssp. californicum – California broomrape
ssp. grayanum – Gray's California broomrape
Aphyllon corymbosumflat-topped broomrape
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and the Canadian Great Plains.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert areas, parasitic mainly on Artemisia tridentata.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
ssp. corymbosum – flat-topped broomrape
ssp. mutabile – flat-topped broomrape
Aphyllon fasciculatumclustered broomrape
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains and the Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Dry, open places, valleys to montane, parasitic mainly on Artemisia, Eriogonum, Eriophyllum, Galium, and Phacelia.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Aphyllon ludovicianumLouisiana broomrape, Suksdorf's broomrape
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains of Canada and the U.S.
Habitat: Dry, open, often sandy areas, parasitic on Artemisia, Chrysopsis, and other woody Asteraceae.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Aphyllon pinorumpine broomrape, pinewoods broomrape
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to northern Idaho, Nevada and New Mexico.
Habitat: Montane coniferous forest, parasitic on Holodiscus.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Aphyllon purpureumpurple broomrape
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta and the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: From lowland to montange, often where open and seasonally moist, parasitic mainly on Asteraceae, Saxifragaceae, Sedum.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August