3 species
1 subspecies and varieties
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Picea ×albertianainterior spruce
Origin: Native
Picea engelmanniiEngelmann's spruce
Distribution: British Columbia south through the Cascades of Washington and Oregon to Shasta County, California, east to Montana and New Mexico.
Habitat: Moderate to high elevations in the mountains, mostly where somewhat moist.
Origin: Native
Cones: New cones from June-August
var. engelmannii – Engelmann spruce
Picea sitchensisSitka spruce
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.
Habitat: Along the coast, from sea level up to about 2,000 feet in moist valleys.
Origin: Native
Cones: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial