Gaultheria shallon
salal
WTU specimens
Other herbaria
WTU images

Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.

Habitat: Forest understory and edge marine headlands, from sea level to moderate elevation in the mountains.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Erect or spreading evergreen shrub to 2 m tall; stems 50-200 cm, younger twigs glandular, older stems becoming glabrous.

Leaves:

Leaves leathery and glabrous, alternate, elliptic to ovate, 5-9 cm long and 3-5 cm broad, finely toothed.

Flowers:

Inflorescence racemose, 5-15 flowers, 5-17 cm long, glandular, white to pinkish bracts; calyx deeply 5-lobed, white to red, reddish-glandular, sepals 3-5 mm; corolla 5-lobed, urn-shaped, white to pinkish, glandular, 7-10 mm; anthers awned, dehiscing by subterminal pores.

Fruits:

Capsule berry-like, surrounded by persistent calyx, globose, fleshy, bluish-black, 6-10 mm in diameter.

Accepted Name:
Gaultheria shallon Pursh
Publication: Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 283, plate 12. 1813.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Gaultheria shallon in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Gaultheria shallon checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Gaultheria shallon atlas page.

CalPhotos: Gaultheria shallon photos.

USDA Plants: Gaultheria shallon information.

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