Prunus
cherry, laurel, plum
19 species
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Prunus americanaAmerican plum, wild plum
Distribution: Northeast Canada and United States, occasionally west to Montana and Utah; rare in Washington.
Habitat: Along watercourses, and on open or wooded, moist or dry areas from the plains into the lower mountains.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April - May
Prunus armeniacaapricot
Origin: Introduced
Prunus aviumsweet cherry
Distribution: Distributed widely throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Forest edges, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-May
Prunus cerasiferacherry plum
Distribution: Introduced and escaped, mostly in Western Washington, but also in southeast Washington.
Habitat: Open, disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: March-April
Prunus cerasussour cherry
Origin: Introduced
Prunus domesticacultivated plum
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho and Utah; in scattered locations of central and northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, forest openings, abandoned homesteads, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: March-May
Prunus dulcisalmond
Distribution: Escaped from cultivation sporadically in western North America. Native to Asia.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, riparian zones.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: March-May
Prunus emarginatabitter cherry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist woods or somewhat moist places in shrub-steppe, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Prunus laurocerasuslaurel cherry, cherry-laurel
Distribution: Introduced ornamental, occasionally escaping west of the Cascades in Washington.
Habitat: Waste areas.
Origin: Introduced
Prunus lusitanicaPortugal laurel
Origin: Introduced
Prunus mahalebmahaleb cherry, perfumed cherry
Distribution: Introduced species used as budding stock for cherries, sometimes escaping.
Habitat: Disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - June
Prunus padusEuropean bird cherry
Distribution: Introduced in Alaska and in Pennsylvania and a few neighboring states in eastern United States
Habitat: Ornamental, occasionally escapes
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May
Prunus persicapeach
Origin: Introduced
Prunus ×pugetensisPuget Sound cherry
Distribution: Southwestern B.C through Puget Trough of Washington.
Habitat: Low elevations in forests or forest edges, or disturbed areas, typically where both parent species are present.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Prunus serotinablack cherry, rum cherry
Origin: Introduced
Prunus spinosablackthorn
Distribution: Introduced and escaping in southeast Washington and adjacent Idaho, also in western Oregon.
Habitat: Moist draws and hillsides.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April
Prunus tomentosaNanking cherry
Origin: Introduced
Prunus virginianacommon chokecherry, western chokecherry, white chokecherry
Distribution: Alaska, Canada and much of the United States
Habitat: Foothills and lowlands, more common in drier areas
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - Early July
Prunus yedoensisYoshino cherry
Origin: Introduced