Rubus
blackberry, bramble, raspberry
22 species
2 subspecies and varieties
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Scientific name
Common name
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Rubus allegheniensisAllegheny blackberry, common blackberry
Origin: Introduced
Rubus anglocandicans
Origin: Introduced
Rubus arcticusnagoonberry
Distribution: Alaska to Newfoundland, south to Vancouver Island and southern British Columbia, and in the Rocky Mountains to Colorado.
Habitat: Tundra to high mountain meadows, bogs and woods.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - July
Rubus armeniacusHimalayan blackberry
Origin: Introduced
Rubus bifronsEuropean blackberry, Himalayan blackberry
Distribution: British Columbia south to California and eastward throughout the intermountain west; sporadically in central and eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, riparian zones, and forest edges at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Rubus chamaemoruscloudberry
Origin: Native
Rubus hispidusbristly dewberry, swamp dewberry
Origin: Introduced
Rubus idaeusred raspberry
Distribution: Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to California and North Carolina.
Habitat: Stream banks and open, moist or dry woods to rocky slopes in the mountains, often on talus.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
ssp. strigosus – grayleaf red raspberry
Rubus laciniatuscut-leaf blackberry, evergreen blackberry
Distribution: Introduced chiefly west of the Cascades, British Columbia to California; occasionally east to Idaho
Habitat: Roadsides and disturbed areas, mostly at low elevations
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June - Early August
Rubus lasiococcusroughfruit berry, dwarf bramble, hairy-fruit smooth dewberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Olympic Mountains in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Moist to dry woods, lowlands to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Rubus leucodermisblackcap raspberry, dark raspberry, whitebark raspberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to southern California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Fields and open to wooded hillsides, from low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Rubus nigerrimusdark raspberry, northwest raspberry
Distribution: Along the Snake River in Whitman County, Washington.
Habitat: Moist hillsides, usually along streams.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Rubus nivalissnow dwarf bramble, snow dewberry
Distribution: British Columbia south to southwest Oregon, in the Cascade, Olympic and coastal mountains.
Habitat: Open to deeply shaded, usually moist areas in the mountains at moderate to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - July
Rubus nutkanusthimbleberry
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to the Dakotas and New Mexico
Habitat: Open to wooded, moist to dry areas, from sea level to subalpine mountain slopes
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Rubus odoratuspurple flowering raspberry
Origin: Introduced
Rubus pedatusstrawberry bramble, strawberry-leaf raspberry
Distribution: Alaska to southern Oregon, east to Idaho and Montana
Habitat: Moist areas, open banks to dense forests, near sea level to timberline
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - Early July
Rubus pensilvanicusPennsylvania blackberry
Origin: Introduced
Rubus pubescensdwarf red blackberry, dwarf red blackberry raspberry, raspberry raspberry, red raspberry
Distribution: Occurring in the northeast counties in Washington; widespread throughout the northern half of North America.
Habitat: Stream banks and moist woods to clearings where moderately dry, mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Rubus spectabilissalmonberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Lowland moist woods and swamps to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Rubus ulmifoliuselm-leaf blackberry, Himalayan blackberry
Origin: Introduced
Rubus ursinusor trailing blackberry, California, dewberry, Pacific
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Open to fairly dense woodlands, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains; common in logged areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Rubus vestitusEuropean blackberry
Distribution: Introduced at scattered locations in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Roadsides and waste ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April - June