Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest through the mountainous and forested areas of Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; also from the Great Lakes region east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Wet meadows, forest openings, and streambanks from low elevations to the subalpine.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Herbaceous perennial with single, densely flowered inflorescences up to 3 ft. tall.
Simple, alternate, glabrous, lanceolate, tapering in width from base to tip.
Sepals and petals white, sepals widely spreading, two of the petals upright and arching, forming hood-like appearance; lip widest at base and often hanging downward, spurred at base.
Capsules, brown at maturity and containing large numbers of tiny seeds.
Flowers with a sweet, spicy fragrance; plants often growing together in fairly large numbers.